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Scaffolding by own hands

When building a residential house, many processes must be carried out at altitude, and therefore, without reliable forests, it is indispensable. The most optimal solution is to build scaffolding with your own hands, then you will not have to pay rent and spend time transporting the structure. They are wooden and metal, and depending on the material, the assembly technology has some differences.

Scaffolding by own hands

Scaffolding with your own hands

Scaffolding and construction

Contents of the article

  • 1 Construction and types of scaffold
  • 2 How to assemble the scaffold
    • 2.1 Step 1. Making the frame
    • 2.2 Step 2. Assembling the frame
    • 2.3 Step 3. Assembling the floor
  • 3 Assembling metalforests
    • 3.1 Step 1. Preparation of the spacers
    • 3.2 Step 2. Making the adapters
    • 3.3 Step 3. Assembling the
    • 3.4 frame Step 4. Assembling the
    • 3.5 Step 5. Making the flooring
    • 3.6 Step 5. Paintingforests
    • 3.7 Video - Scaffolding with their own hands

Both wooden and metal scaffolding have the same elements:

  • support racks;
  • stairs;
  • decking and jumper for it;
  • guard railings;
  • supports;
  • horizontal and diagonal struts.

Wooden structures are easier to assemble - they are smaller in size, and all the details are knocked together by nails. At the same time, such scaffolds are not designed for heavy loads, their dismantling takes time, and reassembly will be less robust, since there are holes in the nails from the nails. Metal pipe scaffolds are much stronger, they can be easily built up if necessary, and the reliability of the connections remains high no matter how many times the structure is dismantled and reassembled.

Klin forests

Wedge scaffold

Depending on the method of attachment, there are 4 main types of scaffolding.

Table. Types of forests

Types of scaffold Description
frame metal structures made of vertical frames fastened together by diagonal and horizontal struts. These scaffolds are light in weight, easy to install
wedge very robust and sturdy construction, all elements of which are fixed by special holders
pin rarely used scaffolding, which are easy and simple to assemble, they are very expensive,ground pressure
clamps are universal woods, perfectly suitable for buildings of complex geometric shapes. The assembly process is quite laborious, but if necessary the shape of the structure can be easily changed horizontally and vertically
Clamping wood

Clamping woods

How to assemble the wooden scaffold

In order for the woods to work comfortably, there should be a distance of 2 to 2.5 meters between the posts, the width of the deck is not less than 1m, and the total height of the forests is a maximum of 6 m. Based on these parameters, an approximate design drawing is made.

Scaffolding by own hands

Scaffolding with your own hands

For work you will need:

  • beams 100x100 mm;
  • board thickness of 30 mm;
  • boards with a section of 100x50 mm;
  • nails;
  • hammer;
  • level;
  • measuring tape;
  • circular saw.

Wood must be dense and dry, without cracks. A raw tree will weight the structure, and after drying it can be deformed. As forests are only required for the period of construction or finishing of the house, it is not necessary to treat them with antiseptic compounds and do not need sanding.

Step 1. Manufacturing of the frame

Scaffolding made of wood

Scaffolding from the wood

4 timbers are cut to the height of the scaffolding and laid on a level platform. Now take 2 bars of 4 m and 2 on 3,6 m, and nail them from the inside to the supporting beams: smaller on the upper edge, 4 m - on the bottom. There should be two identical trapezoids, which should be further strengthened by diagonal struts.

Step 2. Assembling the frame

The frames are lifted, placed vertically opposite to the other and temporarily fastened with sidewalls: the distance between the lower edges of the posts should be 1.15 m, between the upper ones about 1 m. Check the position of the sidewalls horizontally with the building level, and if everything is correct, firmly knock down the framework with nails. The finished structure must have a pyramidal shape and strictly horizontal sidewalls.

Step 3. Installing the

flooring To the upper transverse blocks, you need to nail the floorboards. It is best to fill them in the width of the frame;The boards are stacked closely, without gaps at the joints. On the sides of the carcass mount additional cross-members, which can be used as stairs.

Front-end forests with four envelopes

Attached forests with four envelopes

Approximate sizes of envelopes

Approximate dimensions of envelopes

Envelope with emphasis

Envelope with stop

The envelope

Envelope

Wooden scaffolding

Wooden scaffold

Assembling metal scaffold

In private construction it is most convenient to use frame metal scaffolding with wooden decking. They consist of several sections, the number of which depends on the length of the building and its height. For the manufacture of sections suitable steel and aluminum racks;If larger loads are assumed, it is better to choose steel elements. The standard section has a height of 1.5 m, a width of 1 m and a length of 1.65 to 2 m.

For operation you will need:

  • pipes with a section of 30x30 mm and a length of 1.5 m;
  • pipes with a diameter of 15 mm;
  • pipes 25x25 mm;
  • edged board with a thickness of 40 mm;
  • aluminum ladder;
  • self-tapping screws and bolts;
  • Bulgarian;
  • drill;
  • welding machine;
  • level.
    Metal homemade scaffolding

    Metal homemade scaffold

Step 1. Preparation of spacers

From pipes with a diameter of 15 mm cut the workpiece for the spacers: the length of the horizontal is 96 cm, the diagonal - 2 m. Then on the ends of the two-meter tubes make incisions of 6 cm and flatten. This will simplify the fastening of the struts to the bearing racks.

Preparation of struts

Preparing the spacers

Preparation of struts

Preparing the spacers

Step 2. Making the

adapters To build the scaffolds, you need the adapter connectors. They are made from profile pipes: 25x25 mm pipes are cut into parts of 30 cm in length, and cuts of 8 cm are cut from 30x30 mm tubes. Wrap short blanks for long ones and weld them in the middle to exclude shifts.

Adapters

Adapters

Step 3. Assembling the

Racks

frame

stands Two vertical posts are connected by horizontal spacers, welding them every 30 cm. A frame is obtained in the form of a ladder. Similarly, the second frame is assembled. Of the sheet metal, cut out the square plates 70x70 mm and weld them flat to the lower ends of the support posts. Thanks to this, the sections of the section will not fall into the ground, although on dense soils under the metal plates additional dense wooden planks are additionally laid.

Step 4. Installation of the

Assembling the structure

Assembly Assembling the

Two frames are mounted vertically opposite one another and try on diagonal struts. The markers mark fixing points, then drill holes in bolts in the struts and spacers. Connect all the parts together and check the horizontal level of the upper bars. If the design is skewed, it will be necessary to customize all the elements, otherwise it will be difficult to stay on the forests.

Step 5. Making the flooring

Assembly diagram

Assembly diagram

The floor boards can be laid in two ways - along the length of the section and across. For the transverse flooring on the sides of the structure, bolt horizontal pipes at the level of the upper spacers. For longitudinal decking take boards at least 2 m in length, knock down the width of the section, reinforce from below the transverse bars from the deflection.

To ensure that the floor does not move during operation, the metal U-shaped profile should be fixed at its ends along the thickness of the spacer. To do this, stack the finished shield on the scaffolding and from below mark the line with a marker where the horizontal brace touches the boards. Similarly, marking from the other end of the shield is done. Next, take a profile width of 17-20 mm, cut it to the width of the deck and screwed with screws to the boards on the marked lines. Now, when the flooring is laid on the scaffolding, the spacers will be inside the profile, which will not allow the boards to move.

Step 5. Painting of scaffolds

Scaffolding

Scaffolding

Metal scaffolds are intended for reusable use, which means they need a protective treatment. As forests are more often used for outdoor work, the frame is covered with corrosion from dampness, especially at anchoring points. Therefore, after manufacturing and checking the scaffolding, each element should be sanded, wiped off with dust, primed and dyed. Wooden flooring is also treated with an antiseptic and color to protect from moisture and rot.

Forests

Scaffolding

Video - Scaffolding with your own hands