If you think that it is enough to dig a hole and fill it with water for the device in the villa area of an artificial reservoir, then you are not only mistaken, but also risk not to stay with a pond, but a dirty puddleher mosquitoes.
That is why it is necessary to know in advance how to arrange a pond in the country with their own hands competently and with the least losses. First, it is necessary to determine its size. Specialists note that the reservoir should occupy about 1/8 of the entire suburban area. Its minimum depth should be 50-60 cm, and in the presence of fish - 150-200 cm.
Secondly, it is necessary to take into account the nature of the relief of the site and the overall style of its design. The most optimal is the placement of the pond in depressions, gullies or pits. Thirdly, the characteristics of the ground and the depth of the groundwater are taken into account.
The deeper they are, the less risk that they can
It is not recommended to install a pond under the trees! Falling foliage will provoke active decay processes, and the roots of trees can damage the bowl of the reservoir.
After all the necessary preparatory work you can proceed directly to the device of the pond, all work is carried out in stages. In general, the sequence of actions is as follows: digging a pit of the desired shape and size, to the bottom of which the insulator is laid. It is tightly pressed with stones or rubble. After this, you can fill the pit with water and proceed with the design of the finished pond. In principle, everything is quite simple, but some points require special attention.
Solving the question of how to dig a pond in the country, you should take care in advance of where you dredged ground from the excavation. It can be taken out of the country or distributed over the plot. Special benefit in the latter case will be the top layer of the soil, which is fertile. For excavation, it is best to use earthmoving equipment. A conventional shovel will make the process time-consuming and time-consuming. The finished pit should not have steep edges, and the slope of the bottom to the center should not exceed 40 degrees.
At the next stage of the pond construction it is necessary to arrange a sand "pillow", on which the insulation material is subsequently laid. For this, the bottom of the foundation pit is covered by 5-6 cm of rubble, which is subject to ramming. This layer is leveled with the sand poured 3-5 cm thick on top. This "pillow" is covered with a geotextile for drainage, which protects the base of the pond from sharp stones.
Next, the insulation film is laid, which can be made of polyethylene, rubber or PVC( PVC).It should protrude about 50-60 cm from the edges of the excavation so that its attachment is more reliable. After removing irregularities and folds on the surface of the film, you can pour water on the pond, making sure that there are no air bubbles under the film.
After filling the foundation pit with water, secure the edges of the film securely. To do this, at a distance of about 15-20 cm from the edge of the pond, a small trench is dug, the depth of which is about 20 cm. The excess film gently folds into a roll and fits into the dug hole. From above it is fixed with the help of pegs, stones or pebbles and sprinkled with earth. This trench allows not only to fix and mask the edges of the insulation film, but also to prevent soil from entering the pond from the outside.
You learned how to build a pond in the country, did all the necessary work, now it's time to think about the design of your pond. It is the final stage of its creation. Of course, you can limit yourself to laying out several beautiful boulders along the shore of the pond and planting two or three kinds of plants for reservoirs, but will this be enough to make the pond a true ornament of the site?
It's up to you, but do not limit yourself to the desires and realization of fantasies, because you can breed in your pond river fish, decorate it with not only coastal, but also deep-water, shallow plants.
Moreover, it is possible to make an artificial reservoir in the cottage area more attractive and original with the help of cascades, waterfalls and various fountains. This is not so difficult, because for the device of the fountain you will need just not too powerful a pump that can be installed even on the shore.
It is possible to make a pond a cozy resting place if you pay attention to the coastal zone. There you can install a comfortable bench or bench, which will be in harmony with the plantations in the suburban area. If desired, you can arrange and competent lighting of the reservoir.
Specialists recommend the organization of soft diffused lighting, as it helps to relax and soothe.
Knowing the answer to the question of how to make a pond in the country, do not relax. It is not enough to dig a pit, fill it with water and plant a pond with plants, because it requires regular maintenance. First, it is necessary to systematically remove trash from it - fallen leaves, branches, etc. Secondly, the bottom of the reservoir requires cleaning from accumulated sludge, for which it is recommended to use a special vacuum cleaner.
Thirdly, if you decide to breed fish, you will have to monitor the level of oxygen in the water necessary for their normal life. It will help in this conventional aerator, which differs from aquarium analogues with power and size. With single-celled algae, special substances, algaecides, are allowed to fight.
Thus, the device pond in the country can be fully implemented on its own. Moreover, the process of creating a reservoir in which to live its own life, bewitching and intriguing. You can not remain indifferent to the result of your work and more than once after a hard day you will come to the pond to admire its water surface and relax.