Hawthorn is a multi-stem plant with a height of up to 6-8 meters. The Latin name crataegus is derived from the Greek cratas, which in translation means "strong, strong."The genus of hawthorn has more than 1200 species, of which about 15 are popular in Russia. All of them are tree-like shrubs or small trees with shiny thorns. The crown is dense and rounded with purple-red shoots.
Preserve the decorative appearance almost all the time of vegetation thanks to white flowers, which are often collected in the inflorescences of the corymboid form, and their maximum size is up to 3 centimeters;large, edible berries with a color ranging from bright red to orange-yellow;elegant leaves, which have a green color in the summer, and in the fall they acquire red-orange shades.
As already mentioned, in Russia only some species of hawthorn are popular. Many people make with their help the planting of a country plot with their
Young seedlings( maximum 3-6 years) are usually chosen for planting, as they settle down much better. Under the landing make a solid trench depth of about 6 meters. The width of the trench directly depends on the number of expected rows. If 1 row, then the width is 50 centimeters, 2 rows - about 100 centimeters. Soil must meet the necessary requirements for fertility and acidity. If it does not comply, then procedures are carried out for liming the soil.
A complex fertilizer is laid on the bottom of the trench. An approximate calculation of 60-80 g per 1 m2.After that, it is filled with a composition of humus, sand, peat. When forming a solid fence( a dense "green wall"), the seedlings are placed at a distance from each other from 0.8 to 1.2 m in one row. If, conversely, the type of free-growing shrubs is important, then you can plant them at a distance of 1-2 m from each other.
The most beautiful in the decorative plan is the trellis fence. For this, the trees are planted at a distance of 20-30 centimeters from each other. An important condition for such a hedge is the use of 1-2-year-old seedlings and a temporary fence with horizontal poles at an appropriate height of 30, 40 or 50 centimeters.