The most common way to hide from an alien view an old shed or a non-plastered wall of a stall is to plant a perennial climbing plant, that is, a vine. There are many varieties of ornamental plants that can quickly and densely climb the walls of buildings and other rough surfaces. For example, Chinese lemongrass with berries that have a tonic effect, Amur grapes with slightly sourish fruits, actinidia colimita, the berries of which are not only edible, but also very tasty( they have a lot of useful vitamin C), and from one plant they can collect up to 5 kilograms. In addition to the walls of the plant tightly twist the columns, twine trees or specially stretched fishing nets, as well as a wire that is fixed to the rods hammered into the wall at certain intervals( nails can also serve as fasteners). Using improvised tools, it is possible to combine useful with pleasant, growing not only beautiful and dense, but also fructifying liana .
By the way, there is nothing to limit the growth of plants only in the walls of buildings, you can install special structures close to them to create a kind of "hanging gardens", densely covered with vines arches, covered with hops or hidden under the carpet of grapes of the gazebo.
The simplest version of vertical gardening is a wire, stretched over the wall, more complicated - a crate whose frame is made of blocks with a thickness of about 40-50 millimeters, respectively, in the form of a grid with cells no more than 50x50 centimeters.
Lianas, grabbing shoots and antennae behind vertical and horizontal bars, quickly braid the lattice along the wall of the building, completely concealing under it a plaster covered, painted or generally unfinished surface.
Climbing plants, climbing the walls with considerable speed( some species overcome up to 15 centimeters per day), considerably improve the microclimate in the buildings. First, thick lianas crowns, completely covering the structure, reflect 20% of sounds and 70% absorb .That is, behind the green wall of leaves and interlaced stems will reign a relative silence, which directly depends on the density of the crown. In addition, plants - fine filters, they settle a lot of dust, which otherwise would have been in the premises. On the same coolness, which gives a dense crowns of vines, you can not recall.
It is not always possible to plant climbing plants near the wall, and sometimes vines are inappropriate, especially when the walls are covered with beautiful tiles or carved shutters hung on the windows. After all, all this will disappear under the foliage, the vine does not indicate where to grow, especially those kinds of plants that cling to the walls with air roots and suckers. Therefore, sometimes it is possible to carry out vertical landscaping of facades by placing boxes of flowers on the walls. This method is called container landing - boxes are fixed on the wall, in which both climbing and ordinary plants are planted. Containers for vertical landscaping can be made of both metal and plastic or ceramic, wooden boxes or cement pots can also be adapted.
For the container planting, the dichondra, whose leaves have a pleasant silver hue, chlorophytum, as well as many hybrid species of petunia - fortunia, calibrahoa, are perfectly suited. Thus, part of the wall can be completely covered with greenery( for example, the corner of the building), and the rest of the facade area can be obscured by spreading plants like climbing roses. They both stick well to the roots and cling to the wall, so you do not have to worry about the reliability of such a landing. We recall the film "The Snow Queen", plant roses that turn into a gazebo above the window, and in winter we are careful not to stare into the window at unfamiliar blondes and do not open the windows wide.
So, we have determined for ourselves that the vertical gardening of the garden has two directions that can be practiced separately or in a complex. But the main question remained unresolved - which plants should be planted for vertical gardening( several listed varieties do not count) and how much they grow. First of all, it is worth mentioning girlish girling, as a very common plant, adding up to 3 meters per year. The adult liana is able to cover up to 20 square meters of walls with its stems and crown. Amur grape can reach the same size, and in October it ripens berries in brushes up to 25 centimeters long. There are varieties of decorative grapes that are able to hibernate without undercutting and shelter - Isabella, Alpha, Gunna. It is enough simply to remove the whips from the wall and put them on the ground, this will be the whole preparation for the winter period, because the vertical gardening of the house implies not only planting, but also caring for the plants.
The above actinidium clomict grows 15 meters in height, and by the way, this plant is incredibly beautiful, because during the growing season several times changes the color of the leaves. Young leaves are Colonies bronze, then they turn green, after a while, when it is time to blossom plants, the leaves are covered with pink spots and, finally, they acquire a crimson color. Another plant, whose shoots rise to a height of 12 meters - Drevojugets round, true, its yellow-orange fruit is inedible, but as a decorative element is very attractive. The leaves of this plant are very large and give an excellent shadow, and taking into account their density and skininess, the surfaces have excellent thermal insulation and noise-suppressing properties. As container landings can be used two more types of climbing plants - ivy and loach.
In Russia, it is best to choose perennial plants that can tolerate severe winters, of course, not without your caring participation. Covering, sprinkling roots with sawdust or manure - options to help the plant to overwinter a lot, most importantly, do not forget to begin timely preparation before cooling off, and then next year the green walls will rejoice you again.