The tile is divided into 4 types( class) according to the level of strength:
The peculiarity of the technique of laying the floor is similar to the laying of walls. The principle is as follows: the reference point is measured in accordance with vertical rows and tiles are laid. Special seals or cement glues are sealed with a rubber spatula. If the seams are extremely wide, from 3-5 mm, add sand to the glutinous mixture to make the composition even more durable.
To get a line perpendicular to the wall, which begins to reach the opposite wall, you need to attach a corner and stretch the tape measure.
For corners, it is necessary to cut the tile very carefully, so that afterwards the rows of tiles glued on the floor look symmetrical. To work it is necessary to start, starting from the far corner of the room, and trimmed tile to lay on the edge of the
How to lay a tile , so that it is easier to glue and at the same level, you need to tap with a rubber hammer to strengthen. According to the newly laid out tiles you should not walk, or put a board on top of it, on which you will walk, until the tile dries completely.
To trim the shape of the door jamb on the tile, use a tile cutter. To do this, you need to apply the size of the door jamb to the tile with a pencil, then cut and cut off the notched part with pliers, and then you can start to paste.
It is recommended to put as much sealant as possible and apply it from the far corner.
The strict technique of laying ceramic tiles involves laying first the floor, and after the walls. But there are other cases:
Repair in the bathroom, in particular facing, it is customary to start with the placement of decorative elements, since it will be very difficult to move them after facing. Such an element can be a mirror. For its placement, it is measured on the wall with a margin of 1-2 cm, then the tile is glued to the quick-drying glue. Small incisions of tile can be, because in places such as under a washbasin, a mirror and a locker they will not be visible.
But suddenly, you decide, to polish according to the rule, then you will have to cut all the tiles, determine the center of the object, and put a stop to each tile.
Much better looks like a tile than cut. Therefore, glue from the most visible to the inconspicuous angle, and there will be placed cut pieces of tile. On the first row, you can start to use the crosses that align the seams between the tiles. The only thing, do not forget to take them out an hour after application, otherwise, they will dry out right on the wall and in the glue.
It should be such that all rows of tiles converge along the perimeter.
When marking, the temperature regime is important, since it affects the cladding process, for example, a sealant or a fog, in addition to a certain color, has temperature requirements. By the way about the color of the fugue, the classic white color can be colored with any color you need.
Important! How to glue the tile , when you are not exactly sure of the correct size of the cut? No, only with clearly measured dimensions!
On the reverse side of the tile it is important to put a place for the electrical wires of the fixtures. Drill them with a puncher. As for the gluing of the mirror, it is glued to the mastic, it is important only that the surface of the tile and the place of gluing are dried beforehand. In the gluing also use crosses perpendicular to the wall to level the edges of the tile. After applying the glue, all the crosses are set to the normal position. The strength of bonding is provided by rubber devices, which can be squeezed for even laying.
It is installed as well as other ceramics on the walls with the use of plastic crosses. In the corners, often the frieze has to be cut off, but the drawing allows you to attach yourself to other places
When decorating these corners, use trims of blue color( stripes of plastic that create an aesthetic view of the corner).
Trim deftly adheres to both wall and floor tiles. The level of control over the laying of rows becomes optimal. The horizontal nature of the first row becomes evidence of the perpendicularity of the rows.
After a day, the joints dry up and they need to be treated with sealants or putty with a rubber spatula or grout.
Application of a fugue requires a certain device, for example, a container with a sealant, a gun or a confectionery sleeve for extruding the composition onto the seams between the tiles.
To avoid the drawbacks of the putty, the coating must be thoroughly wiped with a damp cloth. Only need to be as accurate as possible, so as not to erase the coating on the seams.
The best cladding technique is a chess orientation, since it avoids more waste, scrapes, and guides the drawing. As a result, the picture turns tender and clearly expressed.